In “Give Us A King 3” I suggested that the way Yehovah chooses his king is by anointing them! And then the mashiach king (meh’-lek hamashiach), the anointed king rules according to Yehovah’s statutes, ordinances and judgments. The mashiach king (meh’-lek hamashiach) is in the place of Yehovah; those men whom he rules over call him “adoni or my master” and he, the mashiach king, calls Yehovah “adoni.” Remember, the people are going to be His servants. The Mashiach king, chosen by Yehovah, follows Him, the people (men) follow their king and all the women each follow their man.
The first king that Yehovah told Samuel to anoint was Saul, a giant of a man; he was head and shoulders above all the men of Israel.
First Samuel Made Saul The Mashiach King Privately
“Tomorrow about this time I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him commander [נגיד, naw-gheed] over My people, Israel. That he may save My people from the hand of the Philistines. For I have looked upon My people, because their cry has come to Me.” So when Samuel saw Saul, Yehovah said to him, “There he is, the man of whom I spoke to you. This one shall reign over My people.” (1Sa 9:16-17)
As they were going down to the outskirts of the city, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the servant to go on ahead of us.” And he went on. “But you stand here awhile, that I may announce to thee the word of Elohim“(1Sa 9:27)
Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head, and kissed him and said: “Is it not because Yehovah has anointed [משׁח, mashach] you commander [נגיד, naw-gheed] over His inheritance? (1Sa 10:1)
I think it is interesting that Yehovah called Saul a commander [נגיד, naw-gheed] and not a king [מלך, mel’-lek].
Samuel Then Made Saul The Mashiach King Publicly
Now Yehovah made His choice known publicly.
[On a side-note; I see Saul as a shadow picture of what many would call an “anti-mashiach”, but even this person or persons are used by Yehovah to turn people (again men) back to Him. People similar to Cyrus or the Assyrian of Isaiah 10.]
Then Samuel called the people together to Yehovah at Mizpah, and said to Israel’s seed, “Thus says Yehovah Elohim of Israel: ‘I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all kingdoms and from those who oppressed you.’ But you have today rejected your Elohim, who Himself saved you from all your adversities and your tribulations; and you have said to Him, ‘No, set a king over us!’ Now therefore, present yourselves before Yehovah by your tribes and by your clans.” (1Sa 10:17-19)
So we did, and the tribe of Benjamin was chosen. Then the house of Matri and then Saul, the son of Kish was chosen. This sounds like they may have drawn lots to arrive at Yehovah’s choice. Amazingly, it was Saul, the same man whom Yehovah had chosen as His mashiach king privately. I think Yehovah did this private and public ceremony for Samuel’s peace of mind.
And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom Yehovah has chosen, that there is no one like him among all the people?” So all the people shouted and said, “Long live the king!” (1Sa 10:24)
When Yehovah makes His choice and anoints His man, there is no doubt in anybody’s mind whom He has chosen.
Next Yehovah Makes David The Mashiach King Privately
As I said earlier Saul, the man of the flesh who was head and shoulders above all the men of Israel, seems to be a shadow picture of an “anti-mashiach”. Men or men whom He chose for His purpose who would not follow His ways.
David, however, is a man of the spirit.
This time Yehovah decided to choose and anoint a king [מלך, mel’-lek] and not a commander [נגיד, naw-gheed].
Now Yehovah said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king [מלך, mel’-lek] from among his sons.” (1Sa 16:1)
When he arrives, Samuel assumes that Eliab (the eldest, tallest and strongest of Jesse’s sons) is the one whom he should anoint in the presence of the elders of Bethlehem. After all, he is the big guy just like Saul was.
So Samuel did what Yehovah said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to slaughter to Yehovah. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the slaughter.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the slaughter. So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely Yehovah’s anointed is before Him!” (1Sa 16:4-6)
But this time Yehovah says that He does not look at the flesh, as men do, He looks at the heart.
But Yehovah said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For Yehovah does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but Yehovah looks at the heart.” (1Sa 16:7)
So all the sons of Jesse were brought to Samuel, but Yehovah had not chosen any of them.
Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “Yehovah has not chosen these.” (1Sa 16:10)
Finally, David is brought to him and Samuel makes him the mashiach king (the hamashiach meh’-lek).
[Note: David is a shadow picture of Yehovah’s good shepherds, the 144,000, His servants of the last days.]
And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.” So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And Yehovah said, “Arise, anoint [משׁח, mashach] him; for this is the one!” Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed [משׁח, mashach] him in the midst of his brothers; and the spirit of Yehovah came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah. (1Sa 16:11-13)
David Is Made The Mashiach King Publicly
Well, in time (because of the incident with Goliath and many other mighty deeds of David) all the elders of Judah and later all the elders of all Israel acknowledged Yehovah choice and again anointed David as their king publicly.
Then the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. (2Sa 2:4)
Therefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before Yehovah. And they anointed David king over Israel. (2Sa 5:3)
Next time we will see the circumstances behind how Solomon became the anointed king (the hamashiach meh’-lek) and how sometimes Yehovah even has a foreign king anointed to do His good purpose.
Go to “Ha Mashiach King (Cont.) 5“