I was taught in my Christian doctrines and traditions of men, not to swear at all; but Numbers 31 makes it very clear that when we swear we make our . We use Yehovah’s name for the surety of the words we have sworn to; and, like Him, we must do what we say.
He will swallow up death forever, And my Master, Yehovah, will wipe away tears from all faces; the rebuke of His people He will take away from all the earth; for Yehovah has spoken. (Isa 25:8)
“God is not a man, that He should lie, nor a son of man, that He should repent. Has He said, and will He not do? Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good? (Num_23:19)
For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast. (Psa 33:9)
I, Yehovah, have spoken this. I will surely do so to all this evil congregation who are gathered together against Me. In this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.’ ” (Num 14:35)
And all his men, when they make a vow to Yehovah, are sure to fulfill all that they have spoken or they will have taken His name in vain. And we know that we can not take His name in vain.
“You shall not take the name of Yehovah your Elohim (lawmaker and judge) in vain, for Yehovah will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain. (Exo 20:7)
Even Yehovah swears in His own name!
But if you will not hear these words, I swear by Myself,” says Yehovah, “that this house shall become a desolation.” ‘ ” (Jer 22:5)
Yehovah of hosts has sworn by Himself: “Surely I will fill you with men, as with locusts, and they shall lift up a shout against you.” (Jer 51:14)
But this chapter on making a vow to Yehovah is really not about the vow that a man makes; it is about the vow to Yehovah which their daughters or their women makes. For his man, He simply says,
If a man makes a vow to Yehovah, or swears an oath to bind himself by some agreement, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth. (Num 30:2)
Did you know that there are no words for “husband” or “wife” in Torah? Ten times in this chapter my NKJV erroneously translates “her man” as “her husband.” However we fail to understand that while this woman, whom Moses is talking about, can be what we have come to call, a “wife ” she can also be a servant, concubine, sister, niece, cousin, aunt, mother, grand-mother or other near of kin.
Yehovah’s intent is for EVERY woman in His kingdom to have a man in her life whom she serves. When one of his women makes a vow to Yehovah her man must void the vow to Yehovah or it will stand.
Every vow and every binding oath to which she has bound her soul, her man may confirm it, or her man may make it void. Now if her man makes no response whatever to her from day-to-day, then he confirms all her vows or all the agreements that bind her; he confirms them, because he made no response to her on the day that he heard them. (Num 30:13-14)
BUT, if he lets the vow to Yehovah stand and then, at a later time, voids it; he bears her guilt. And that takes us right back to the 3rd commandment that Yehovah gave His Ezrach son.
But if he does make them void after he has heard them, then he shall bear her guilt.” (Num 30:15)
“You shall not take the name of Yehovah your Elohim (your lawmaker and judge) in vain, for Yehovah will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain. (Exo 20:7)
And a vow of a widow or a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her. (Num 30:9)
A Vow to Yehovah
2N16 Numbers 30–31
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