Category Archives: Esau

Genesis 36 – Esau’s Women and Seed

Genesis 36, mistakes in Torah, perversions in Torah, who were Esau's wives, wives of EsauGenesis 36 has more bad information in it than any other chapter in Torah (though there are several chapters in Deuteronomy that take a close second). In this article I am going to focus on only four verses (v.2-5) to illustrate the bulk of the perversions in Genesis 36.

In my Sabbath class (video below) I did not directly address all the discrepancies in Genesis 36 :2-4. For this reason I have included my findings here for the inquiring minds who want to know more.

Genesis 36 Verse 2

In my New King James Version, verse 2 says:

Esau took his wives [his women, there is no word for “wife” in Torah] from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite; Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; (Genesis 36 2)

“The daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite”? (Genesis 36 2) Who ever heard of a “daughter of Anah” (a man) who is a “daughter of Zibeon” (yet another man)? More on Adah later.

Let’s remember who Canaan’s seed actually are.

Jasher 7:13 And Canaan’s seed were Zidon, Heth [חת, khet], Amori, Gergashi, Hivi [חוי], Arkee, Seni, Arodi, Zimodi and Chamothi.

Canaan begot Sidon his firstborn, and Heth [חת, khet] (the Jebusite), the Amorite, and the Girgashite; the Hivite [החוי, khiv·vee], the Arkite, and the Sinite; the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Afterward the families of the Canaanites were dispersed. (Gen 10:15-18 NKJV)

Khet “the Jubusite”? How is Khet a Jubusite? He is the son of Canaan. What is up with that? Many times the torah lists the Hittites and the Jubusites together, but they seem to be one in the same. Khet is the father of the “Hittites” really “Khittites“, but where do the people called “the Horites” or “The Khorites“[החרי] come from? Horite or Khorite may be another name for a Hivite.

Hivi [חוי, khiv·vee] is the father of the Khivites, and like Khet, is a son of Canaan, the son of Ham.

These were the sons of Seir the Horite who inhabited the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom. (Gen 36:20-21)

But Zibeon not only had a brother named Anah, he also had a son named Anah.

These are Zibeon’s seed: Both Ajah and Anah. (Genesis 36 24)

These were Anah’s seed [benai Adah] was Dishon and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. (Genesis 36 25)

But Yasher says that Ahlibamah is the daughter of Zebeon the Hivite.

Yasher 30:23 And when Jehudith died, Esau rose up and went to Seir to hunt in the field, as usual, and Esau dwelt in the land of Seir for a long time.
24 And in the sixth year Esau took for a woman, in addition to his other women, Ahlibamah, the daughter of Zebeon the Hivite, and Esau brought her to the land of Canaan.

Again, is Zibeon a Hivite / Khorite or a Khittite (Hittite)?

But now, a dozen verses later in Yasher, it says Ahlibamah is the daughter of Anah, the son of Sier.

Yasher 30:36 36 And the son of Anah, the son of Seir, were Dishon and his sister Ahlibamah.

So was Aholibamah the daughter of Zibeon or Anah, Zibeon’s brother or Anah, Zibeon’s son’s daughter? The identity of Aholibamah is important because this union (Esau’s 4th wife) represents yet another covenant between Seir the Horite and Esau.

Genesis 36 verse 2 is the first time both Ahah and Aholibamah are mentioned in Torah; and both are only mentioned in Genesis 36.

So. if Aholibamah is Esau’s 4th woman, who were the other 3?

At 40 Esau Took Judith As His 1st Woman

In Genesis 26 we read:

When Esau was forty years old, he took as wives Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. (Gen 26:34)

Judith is not even mentioned in Genesis 36. The reason for that is that she  did not bare Esau any sons and Genesis 36 is all about Esau’s seed.

Yasher 28:22 And Esau there saw in the land of Seir the daughter of a man of Canaan, and her name was Jehudith, the daughter of Beeri, son of Epher, from the families of Heth, the son of Canaan.
23 And Esau took her for his woman, and he came unto her; forty years old was Esau when he took her, and he brought her to Hebron, the land of his father’s dwelling place, and he dwelt there.

Yasher 30:21 And in the fifth year died Jehudith, the daughter of Beeri, the wife of Esau, in the land of Canaan, and she had no sons but daughters only.

It appears that a Khittite / Hittite is from the family of Khet or Heth.

Torah above said that Esau took Basemath, the daughter of Elon the Hittite, when he took Judith, the daughter of Beeri the Hittite. So if both of the women are the daughters of Khet, why does Genesis 36 verse 3 say what it says?

Genesis 36 Verse 3

and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth. (Genesis 36 3)

At 63, NOT 40, Esau Took Basemath (a.k.a. Bosemath, a.k.a. Adah) As His 2nd Woman

So who is Basemath? The daughter of Elon the Hittite or Ishmael’s daughter, and the sister of Nebajoth. And if she is Ishmael’s daughter and Nebajoth’s sister than how can Mahalath or Makhalat be the daughter of Ishmael and the sister of Nebajoth?

Also Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan [Judith and Basemath] did not please his father Isaac. So Esau went to Ishmael and took Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his woman in addition to the women he had. (Gen 28:8-9)

Yasher 29:43 Then he went to the house of Ishmael his uncle, and in addition to his older women he took Machlath the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nebayoth, for a woman.

We will talk a bit about Mahalath later, but please understand that she is the daughter of Ishmael, not Basemath.

So who is who is Adah and how does she relate to Basemath?

As I said above, Basemath or Bosmath (as Yasher calls her) and Adah are actually the same woman. Genesis 36 is the only place in Torah that Adah is even mentioned. Crazy – I know, right!? Look what Yasher says about Bosmath right after Jacob receives the blessing from Isaac and runs away for 14 years to Eber’s house.

Yasher 29:12 And when Esau saw that Jacob had fled and escaped from him, and that Jacob had cunningly obtained the blessing, then Esau grieved exceedingly, and he was also vexed at his father and mother; and he also rose up and took his woman {Judith] and went away from his father and mother to the land of Seir, and he dwelt there; and Esau saw there a woman from among the daughters of Heth {Khet, the Khiities] whose name was Bosmath, the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and he took her for his woman in addition to his first woman, and Esau called her name Adah, saying the blessing had in that time passed from him.

What a hoot! Basemath is Adah. So now we can see the foolishness in the very next verse of this utterly confusing chapter.

Genesis 36 Verse 4

Now Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, and Basemath bore Reuel. (Gen 36:4)

Yasher says:

Yasher 29:17 And in those days Adah Esau’s woman conceived and bare him a son, and Esau called the name of the son that was born unto him Eliphaz, and Esau was sixty-five years old when she bare him.

Yasher 36:21 And these are the generations of Esau that were born to him in the land of Canaan, and the sons of Esau were five.
22 And Adah bare to Esau his first-born Eliphaz, and she also bare to him Reuel, and Ahlibamah bare to him Jeush, Yaalam and Korah.

At 77 Esau Takes Mahalath As His 3rd Woman

After Jacob received the blessing and ran away to Eber’s house, he stayed there for 14 years. At 77 Jacob comes home hoping that Esau has had time to calm down. Of course Esau, the man of the flesh, is still angry and tries to kill him again.  It is then that Isaac sends Jacob to Haran to take a woman from the house of his family and not from the Canaanites. It is also at that time that Esau sends his son Eliphaz (now 13) with 10 of his uncles to kill Jacob.

After Jacob is gone Esau realizes how much Isaac and Rebekah dislike his Canaanite women and he decides to take a woman who they will approve of; and he goes to the house of Ishamel and takes his daughter Mahalath, the sister of Nebajoth.

Also Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan did not please his father Isaac. So Esau went to Ishmael and took Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his woman in addition to the women he had. Now Jacob went out from Beersheba and went toward Haran. (Gen 28:8-10)

Yasher 29:43 Then he went to the house of Ishmael his uncle, and in addition to his older women he took Makhalath the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nebayoth, for a wife.

But, like Judith (now passed), Mahalath also gives Esau no sons.

Genesis 36 Verse 5

And Aholibamah bore Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan. (Genesis 36 5)

Praise Yehovah! We finally have a verse with accurate information. Aholibamah does bare Esau 3 sons.

At 83 Esau Takes Aholibamah As His 4th Woman

Yasher 30:23 And when Jehudith died, Esau rose up and went to Seir to hunt in the field, as usual, and Esau dwelt in the land of Seir for a long time.
24 And in the sixth year Esau took for a woman, in addition to his other women, Ahlibamah, the daughter of Zebeon the Hivite, and Esau brought her to the land of Canaan.
25 And Ahlibamah conceived and bare unto Esau three sons, Yeush, Yaalan, and Korah.

Why Is Genesis 36 So Polluted With Misinformation?

I think that concerning our wicked brother Esau, the writer of Genesis 36 was either confused, not careful to preserve the correct lineage of Esau, or both. There are many errors and contradictions in Torah but Genesis 36 is by far the worst chapter. And this just covers the first 4 verses.

Here is my teaching on Genesis 36 and a bit of Yasher.

Genesis 36 – Esau’s Women And Seed

2G40 Genesis 36 & Yasher 36-37:26
[Click here to download this audio mp3]

Copyright © 2016 Providence Ministries, All rights reserved.

For more teachings like this one (beginning at Genesis 1), visit our Join Us for Sabbath page.

Please Contact Michael to help support his work in building Yehovah’s kingdom on the earth.

Providence Ministries is NOT incorporated with any kingdom of this world. Providence Ministries is an affiliate of the Director of Ecclesiastical Enterprises, a Washington State acknowledged corporation sole of the ecclesia on file with the Secretary of the State. This charitable ministry is not for profit and maintains its nontaxable status consistent with 26 USC 508(c)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to 501 (c)(3) organizations special rules as a “mandatory exception.”

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Jacob received the blessing, Genesis 27, Yasher 28, Yasher 29, Jacob stole the blessing,

Jacob Received The Blessing

The search engines tell me that if I had called this blog “Jacob stole the blessing” instead of “Jacob received the blessing” I would receive more hits, but only at the expense of the truth.

The first part of this audio teaching tells the story of Isaac in Gerar with Abimelech during a famine. It is an amazing story in Yasher, but not where I want to spend my time on in this blog.

Jacob received the blessing, Genesis 27[Note: Jacob and Esau are 63 years old when Isaac, at 123 years of age, blesses Jacob. Isaac lived 180 years.]

Genesis 27 is the story of the Isaac’s spiritual blessing. Did you hear that? Issac’s blessing is spiritual and it had to go to the spiritual man, Jacob; it would have been an abomination to have Esau who Yasher calls “a designing and deceitful man, one who hunted after the hearts of men and inveigled them” had received this spiritual blessing. Augh, may it never be!

Genesis 27 begins this way.

Now it came to pass, when Isaac was old  and his eyes were so dim that he could not see, … (Gen 27:1)

I think it was more than Isaac’s eyes that were dim, it appears that Isaac may have become dim spiritually also; he wanted to give his spiritual blessing to the son who lived in the flesh. Was he blind as to what was going on in his own household? Consider these facts.

  • Rebekah received a prophecy from Shem, Eber and Abraham saying.” The greater shall serve the younger”

And Yehovah said to her: “Two peoples are in your womb, two nations shall be separated from your body; and a nation from a nation shall be stronger, and elder shall serve younger.” (Gen 25:23)

Yasher 26:10 And she said unto them, Why am I alone in this amongst all the women that were upon earth? And she went to the land of Moriah to seek Yehovah on account of this; and she went to Shem and Eber his son to make inquiries of them in this matter, and that they should seek Yehovah in this thing respecting her.
11 And she also asked Abraham to seek and inquire of Yehovah about all that had befallen her.
12 And they all inquired of Yehovah concerning this matter, and they brought her word from Yehovah and told her, “Two sons are in thy womb, and two nations shall rise from them; and one nation shall be stronger than the other, and the greater shall serve the younger.”

  • Esau was a man of the flesh, a man who was completely disinterested in spiritual matters like knowing Yehovah and His ways.

Yasher 28:18 At that time Isaac sent his younger son Jacob to the house of Shem and Eber, and he learned the instructions of Yehovah, and Jacob remained in the house of Shem and Eber for thirty-two years, and Esau his brother did not go, for he was not willing to go, and he remained in his father’s house in the land of Canaan.

  • Esau was a “designing and deceitful man” who “hunted” the hearts of men.

Yasher 26:17 And the boys grew up to their fifteenth year, and they came amongst the society of men. Esau was a designing and deceitful man, and an expert hunter in the field, and Jacob was a man perfect and wise, dwelling in tents, feeding flocks and learning the instructions of Yehovah and the commands of his father and mother.

Yasher 28:19 And Esau was continually hunting in the fields to bring home what he could get, so did Esau all the days.
20 And Esau was a designing and deceitful man, one who hunted after the hearts of men and inveigled them, …

  • Esau sold his birthright, which was an extra 1/3 of the wealth of his family, for one meal after he killed Nimrod.

If Esau despised his fleshly birthright, why on earth would Isaac give him the spiritual blessing? Jacob was the spiritual man who dwelt in heaven and always sought to know Yehovah and His ways.

  • The “blessing” is “Yehovah’s blessing” on those who will lead His people, and it did not always go to the eldest son.

Shem was Noah’s middle son and it is clear that Noah put Yehovah’s spiritual blessing on him; not Japheth (the elder) and certainly not on Ham!

And sons were born also to Shem, the father of all the sons of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder. (Gen 10:21)

Jacob Received The Blessing

Jacob received the blessing; he had to! If Esau had received this blessing, Yehovah’s word would not have come to pass. The older HAD to serve the younger. What Yehovah says, MUST be done!

When I listen to these recorded teachings, even I am amazed by what I saw and how I presented it. You need to hear what I have to say; these videos will bless your life. Please listen to it now or download it to your mp3 player and listen to it as you go through your day. You will be glad you did.

Jacob received the blessing

2G33 Genesis 27 & Yasher 28-29.24
[Click here to download this audio mp3]

Copyright © 2015 Providence Ministries, All rights reserved.

For more teachings like this one (beginning at Genesis 1), visit our Journey Through Torah page.

Please Contact Michael to help support his work in building Yehovah’s kingdom on the earth.

Providence Ministries is NOT incorporated with any kingdom of this world. Providence Ministries is an affiliate of the Director of Ecclesiastical Enterprises, a Washington State acknowledged corporation sole of the ecclesia on file with the Secretary of the State. This charitable ministry is not for profit and maintains its nontaxable status consistent with 26 USC 508(c)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to 501 (c)(3) organizations special rules as a “mandatory exception.”

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Joseph Ruled Egypt For 80 Years

Joseph ruled egyptJoseph ruled Egypt from the time he interpreted Pharaoh’s dream (30) until his death (110).

Joseph was 56 when his father Jacob and his wicked uncle Esau died at 147. The Pharaoh that raised Joseph up, above everyone in his land, loved him so much that he gave him charge over his son Magron after his death and asked Joseph (71) to be a father to him and to guide him. So Joseph ruled Egypt for an additional 39 years. Here is a link to my Joseph timeline.

I love the book of Yasher; it has helped me make sense of many things in Torah, and in the book Joshua, that just were not clear until I heard the rest of the story from it. Much of the next 4 lessons come from Yasher and you will see that they provide great light for those who search Yehovah’s word as a man searches for silver and fine gold. Of course neither of those precious commodities are just lying around waiting to be picked up. But I have searched them out and found some very precious pieces, and I am doing my best to help you find them as well.

Joseph Ruled Egypt And The Surrounding Countries

Concerning the death of Pharaoh, Yasher says,

Yasher 58:1 And it came to pass in the thirty-second year of the Israelites going down to Egypt, that is in the seventy-first year of the life of Joseph, in that year died Pharaoh king of Egypt, and Magron his son reigned in his stead.
2 And Pharaoh commanded Joseph before his death to be a father to his son, Magron [41], and that Magron should be under the care of Joseph and under his counsel.

Yasher 58:6 And Joseph became king over Egypt, for he superintended over all Egypt, and all Egypt was under his care and under his counsel, for all Egypt inclined to Joseph after the death of Pharaoh, and they loved him exceedingly to reign over them.

Yasher 58:9 And Pharaoh king of Egypt sat upon his throne in his father’s stead, but he was under the control and counsel of Joseph, as he was at first under the control of his father.
10 Neither did he reign but in the land of Egypt only, under the counsel of Joseph, but Joseph reigned over the whole country at that time, from Egypt unto the great river Perath.
11 And Joseph was successful in all his ways, and Yehovah was with him, and Yehovah gave Joseph additional wisdom, and honor, and glory, and love toward him in the hearts of the Egyptians and throughout the land, and Joseph ruled Egypt forty years.

Concerning the sons of Jacob, Yasher says, Continue reading Joseph Ruled Egypt For 80 Years

Esau Died Preventing Jacob’s Burial

Few have ever heard about how Jacob’s twin brother Esau died. I think of Jacob as the man of the spirit and Esau as a total man of the flesh; and find it interesting that Esau died shortly after Jacob. Here is why.

The actual death and burial of Jacob (147) is recorded in the last chapter of Genesis (Genesis 50); but it is hardly anything more that an outline for what happened at that time in the history of Yehovah’s people.

Here is yet another case where the book of Yasher gives “the rest of the story.”

Jacob was buried with great honor like a king and his sons carried his bier for all to see. I love how Jacob told his sons to carry him, it was exactly the same way that Israel was told by Yehovah to camp in the wilderness (with 3 sons on each side).

Israelite camp, Esau died when Jacob was buriedYasher describes Jacob’s funeral procession this way.

Yasher 56:33 And Pharaoh commanded that it should be proclaimed throughout Egypt, saying, Whoever goes not up with Joseph and his brethren to the land of Canaan to bury Jacob, shall die.

34 And all Egypt heard of Pharaoh’s proclamation, and they all rose up together, and all the servants of Pharaoh, and the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt went up with Joseph, and all the officers and nobles of Pharaoh went up as the servants of Joseph, and they went to bury Jacob in the land of Canaan.

35 And Jacob’s sons carried the bier upon which he lay; according to all that their father commanded them, so did his sons unto him.

36 And the bier was of pure gold, and it was inlaid round about with onyx stones and bdellium; and the covering of the bier was gold woven work, joined with threads, and over them were hooks of onyx stones and bdellium.

37 And Joseph placed upon the head of his father Jacob a large golden crown, and he put a golden scepter in his hand, and they surrounded the bier as was the custom of kings during their lives.

38 And all the troops of Egypt went before him in this array, at first, all the mighty men of Pharaoh and the mighty men of Joseph, and after them the rest of the inhabitants of Egypt, and they were all girded with swords and equipped with coats of mail, and the trappings of war were upon them.

39 And all the weepers and mourners went at a distance opposite to the bier, going and weeping and lamenting, and the rest of the people went after the bier.

40 And Joseph and his household went together near the bier barefooted and weeping, and the rest of Joseph’s servants went around him; each man had his ornaments upon him, and they were all armed with their weapons of war.

But when Esau heard that Jacob’s sons were coming to bury him in the cave of Machpelah, which their Fathers were buried in, Esau and his sons stood against them. The battle that follows helps us understand great enmity between Jacob’s sons (the men of the spirit) and Esau’s sons (the men of the flesh). Here is how the battle begins.

Yasher 56:49 And Joseph and his brethren brought their father Jacob from that place, and they went to Hebron to bury Jacob in the cave by his fathers.

50 And they came unto Kireath-arba, to the cave, and as they came Esau stood with his sons against Joseph and his brethren as a hindrance in the cave, saying, “Jacob shall not be buried therein, for it belongs to us and to our father.”

We saw that Jacob and his sons received all the land of Canaan, and the cave in particular, at the death of Isaac as their inheritance; the transaction was witnessed and recorded at the time and the document were now in Egypt. We then sent our fastest runner (Naphtali) to fetch them and that is when the fighting began.

Yasher 56:60 And when Esau saw that Naphtali had gone to fetch the records, he and his sons increased their resistance against the cave, and Esau and all his people rose up against Joseph and his brethren to battle.

61 And all Jacob’s sons and the people of Egypt fought with Esau and his men, and Esau’s sons and his people were smitten before Jacob’s sons, and Jacob’s sons slew of Esau’s people forty men.

Esau died in the first battle

It was at this time that Dan’s son, a man who could not speak or hear, walked up to Esau and severed his head from his body.

Yasher 56:63 And Chushim was dumb and deaf, still he understood the voice of consternation amongst men.

64 And he asked, saying, Why do you not bury the dead, and what is this great consternation? And they answered him the words of Esau and his sons; and he ran to Esau in the midst of the battle, and he slew Esau with a sword, and he cut off his head, and it sprang to a distance, and Esau fell amongst the people of the battle.

65 And when Chushim did this thing Jacob’s sons prevailed over Esau’s sons, and Jacob’s sons buried their father Jacob by force in the cave, and Esau’s sons beheld it.

After Esau died his sons ran away with his body but left his head. There is so much that happened in these two chapters of Yasher; alliances are formed, battles are fought, men are captured, and an entire race of men is wiped out and their land taken forever by Esau’s sons.

Here is the rest of the story.

Esau Died Preventing Jacob’s Burial

2G51 Genesis 50 & Yasher 56
[Click here to download this audio mp3]

Copyright © 2016 Providence Ministries, All rights reserved.

For more teachings like this one (beginning at Genesis 1), visit our Join Us for Sabbath page.

Please Contact Michael to help support his work in building Yehovah’s kingdom on the earth.

Providence Ministries is NOT incorporated with any kingdom of this world. Providence Ministries is an affiliate of the Director of Ecclesiastical Enterprises, a Washington State acknowledged corporation sole of the ecclesia on file with the Secretary of the State. This charitable ministry is not for profit and maintains its nontaxable status consistent with 26 USC 508(c)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to 501 (c)(3) organizations special rules as a “mandatory exception.”

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Death Of Isaac

death of IsaacJust before the death of Isaac

It was just before the death of Isaac that two mortal enemies came to together to say goodbye to their father; Jacob, the man of the spirit and Esau, a total man of the flesh. All Torah has to say about the death of Isaac are these words.

Now the days of Isaac were one hundred and eighty years. So Isaac breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people, being old and full of days. And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him. (Gen 35:28-29)

That is it! And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him. What a rip-off; Torah hardly gives a clue as to the vast differences between these to brothers. The book of Yasher, on the other hand, gives the rest of the story. Listen to the blessings which Isaac speaks to his two very different sons.

Yasher 47:5 And Isaac placed his hands upon all Jacob’s sons, and he took hold of them and embraced them, and kissed them one by one, and Isaac blessed them on that day, and he said unto them, May the Elohim of your fathers bless you and increase your seed like the stars of heaven for number.
6 And Isaac also blessed Esau’s sons, saying, May Elohim cause you to be a dread and a terror to all that will behold you, and to all your enemies.

At The Death Of Isaac

The last words that Isaac spoke were words that he received from Yehovah for Jacob and His sons, not Esau. Continue reading Death Of Isaac

Jacob Meets Esau (Parts 1 & 2)

Jacob meets EsauJacob meets Esau today for the first time in over 20 years. Few people understand the hatred that exists between these two brothers; one a total man of the flesh, and the other a spiritual man who always seeks to follow only Yehovah.

Our story ended last time with Laban breaking his covenant with Jacob and sending his servants to rekindle Esau’s hatred toward Jacob and his desire to destroy him, and now, his whole household.

Yasher 31:64 And Esau heard all the words of Laban’s messengers, and his anger was greatly kindled against Jacob, and he remembered his hatred, and his anger burned within him.
65 And Esau hastened and took his sons and servants and the souls of his household, being sixty men, and he went and assembled all the sons of Seir the Horite and their people, being three hundred and forty men, and took all this number of four hundred men with drawn swords, and he went unto Jacob to smite him.

And just so there is no doubt as to Esau’s intent against Jacob, the servants of Laban who stirred up Esau have now gone to Rebekah in Canaan.

Yasher 31:69 And Laban’s messengers departed from Esau and went to the land of Canaan, and they came to the house of Rebekah the mother of Jacob and Esau.
70 And they told her saying, Behold thy son Esau has gone against his brother Jacob with four hundred men, for he heard that he was coming, and he is gone to make war with him, and to smite him and to take all that he has.

My NKJV, of course, says that “angels” of Elohim met him. But these “malakim,” like practically everywhere in Torah, are “messengers,” men. Continue reading Jacob Meets Esau (Parts 1 & 2)